For citing BNIA-JFI, specifically the Vital Signs reports, we recommend using American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines. An example of the format, as applied to Vital Signs is below: Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance – Jacob France Institute. (2015). Vital Signs 13 [data file]. Retrieved from www.bniajfi.org/vital_signs

For your parenthetical, in-text citation, use the following format: (Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance – Jacob France Institute, 2014). More information on the APA can be found here.

Crediting BNIA-JFI for Maps/Tables/Graphs/Other Content

For more informal use of our data, in maps, data tables, graphs, and presentations, we recommend that data users cite the original source (Baltimore City Police Department, American Community Survey, Baltimore City Public School System, etc.) and credit BNIA-JFI with analysis. Below is an example: Source: Baltimore City Public School System, Analysis: Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance – Jacob France Institute (2015). Not sure what the original data source is? Find out in our Indicator Definitions and Rankings document. Questions? Please feel free to contact us.

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