In 2013, the Baltimore City Mayor’s Office on Criminal Justice, in partnership with the U.S. Justice Department announced that the East Baltimore neighborhood of McElderry Park announced a planning process through the Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Grant (BCJI) to develop a data-driven plan for community-based solutions to persistent crime in the neighborhood. The McElderry Park Revitalization Coalition (MPRC) served as the community-based steering committee for the process which comprised of community members, law enforcement, faith-based institutions, businesses, and non-profit organizations within the community of McElderry Park and surrounding neighborhoods.
The Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance-Jacob France Institute supported the process by providing longitudinal analysis of crime incidents, data on the surrounding physical and socioeconomic context, and citizen calls for service using the 311 system. Nearly twenty localized crime hotspots were identified using data reposited at BNIA-JFI:
Faculty from the University of Baltimore’s School of Criminal Justice (SCJ) conducted focus groups to garner residential perceptions about the drivers of crime in the neighborhood. The top five themes that emerged were:
All community strategies were cross were cross-referenced with evidence-based programs and practices for effective crime reduction developed by researchers at SCJ.
Iyer, S., Knott, C., & Cantora, A. (Forthcoming 2019) “Community-Based Empowerment and Learning, Assessment of Collective Efficacy, and Collaborative Data-Sharing: Key Elements of the Byrne Criminal Justice Grant in Baltimore 2013-2016” in Innovations in Community-Based Crime Prevention: Stories from the Field, Robert Stokes & Charlotte Gill (eds), Springer
Wasileski, G., Cantora, A., & Iyer, S. (2019). Examining collective efficacy and perceptions of policing in East Baltimore. Crime Prevention and Community Safety.
Cantora, A., Iyer, S., & Restivo, L. (2015). Understanding drivers of crime in East Baltimore: Resident perceptions of why crime persists. American Journal of Criminal Justice.
The creation and maintenance of a dynamic map of all of McElderry Park’s community data and assets allows residents, organizations, and other stakeholders to stay engaged and informed about people, places, programs, and events in the community.
Part 1 Crime by Month, 2012-2014
Part 1 Crime Incidents by Type, 2000-2014
Part 1 Crime by Type, 2014
Violent Crime Trends in McElderry Park, 2000-2012
Property Crime Trends in McElderry Park, 2000-2012
Vacant and Abandoned Properties in McElderry Park, 2001-2012
311 Calls for Service for Dirty Streets and Alleys in McElderry Park, 2002-2012
November 2012 Presentation to the McElderry Park Community
May 2013 BNIA-JFI/UB School of Criminal Justice Kick-Off Presentation
McElderry Park Revitalization Coalition: “Building Strong & Sustainable Communities of Opportunity” Presentation
In order to identify crime hotspots in McElderry Park, the locations of Part 1 crime (violent and property) were mapped based on data obtained from the Baltimore City Police Department. Violent crimes (homicide, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery) were separated from property crimes (burglary, larceny, and auto theft) to ensure that similar types of Part 1 crimes were analyzed.
The analysis revealed 18 hotspots where at least 4 incidents of crime had occurred at the same property address or at an adjacent property (neighboring or directly across the street) for each year over the 12-year period. The overarching finding shows that hotspots in the neighborhood are “traveling” from the western side (Patterson Park Ave) to the eastern side (Kenwood & Streeper Streets).
Individual McElderry Park hotspot profiles (PDF):
Associate Director of The Jacob France Institute
GIS Project Manager for The Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance
School of Criminal Justice, University of Baltimore